Indonesian History And Literature Under
The Globalization Perspective
Sukmawati Sukarno (Indonesia)
Indonesia is an archipelago between two continents, namely Asian continent and Australasia, and is also situated between two oceans, namely Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean. The name of Indonesia is ‘among the islands’, which comes from Latin, namely Indio (race of the brown skin), nesos (islands) sia (Asia), they are combined into one name.
The Indonesian civilization is not as long as Chinese or Indian, but the Indonesian language is varied. The civilization and language of Sumatra is older than that of Java and Bali, but it is also written in Java language; apart from literature, Indonesia built several world-famous temples in Java island, Sumatra and Kalimantan.
The Malay language was also formed in Sumatra island. It combines Indian, Chinese and Arabic language and has a relatively rich vocabulary. When the Indonesia got independent, 20 national leaders decided that Malay language/Indonesian language be the official language and common language. Indonesian language uses Latin alphabet.
The Indonesians organize the nation and its people by republic system and are based on just and fair education plan, which is conducive to the developments in various fields such as politics, economics, social affairs, religion and culture & art. In the struggle for the national independence, many experts emerged in every social field. The Indonesian people have been vastly different from the people in the colonial era by the Dutch.
Since the 7 Century, Indonesia established relations with many countries including China, India, Indo-China. From 15 Century, Indonesia also established relations with European countries. Since the convention of the Bandung Asia-Africa Conference, a must-achieve ideal for Indonesia is to build a free and peaceful new world.